A Victory for Justice in NYC

The People have won a major victory with the enactment of the Fair Chance Act.

This new law prohibits employers in New York City from running a criminal background check on anyone applying for a new job. Once the candidate has been given a “conditional offer of employment,” the background check can be run.

This is vital legislation because it prevents people with criminal records from being knocked out of consideration without being given a fair shot.

You can read more about the law here:




Teen Drivers Beware….

Today, July 1, 2013, New York State enacted one of the toughest new driving laws in the country.  The law creates new harsh penalties for young drivers who are caught texting while driving or using a cell phone while driving.

The new law states that drivers with probationary and junior licenses who get stopped for texting-while-driving and using a hand-held cell phone now face a staggering 60-day license suspension for first convictions and revocations of 60 days for junior licenses, or 6 months for probationary licenses if you have another conviction within 6 months of getting your license back after a suspension or revocation.

Also, as of June 1, 2013, DMV increased the number of points earned against an individual’s driving record upon conviction for texting-while-driving and cell-phone related infractions  to five points.

The new law increases these penalties because traffic crashes are the leading cause of death and injury for teens.  And, anecdotal evidence indicates that texting while driving is becoming more common among these teenage drivers.

The bottom line here, folks, is that you should not text and use a cell phone while driving.  But if you happen to get caught, hire an attorney.  Do not try to handle your traffic ticket on your own because the the penalties are simply too severe.  Get an experienced attorney to take care of the ticket.

New Gun Laws Mean More Jail Time

In March, 2013, new gun laws went into effect here in New York State. While the media paid attention to the provisions of the law that applied to rifles, the parts of the law that will come into play for most defendants are the new handgun provisions. Here is a brief rundown on some of the new laws:

• Possession of a firearm on school grounds or a school bus will be increased from a misdemeanor to a Class E Felony.

This part of the law may be applied when a young person, including elementary school children, brings a gun to school. That includes unloaded guns. Do we want a poor lost child who is bringing a gun to school being prosecuted for a felony offense? Or, do we want a holistic approach where the child’s home life and circumstances are examined and made stable?

• Possession of an unloaded gun will be raised from a misdemeanor to a Class E felony.

This part of the law may directly affect young men in our urban centers: the young black men who are the targets of “Stop and Frisk” and aggressive law enforcement practices throughout the state. If a young brother has an unloaded gun he is automatically facing a felony charge. We are going to saddle more young men with these felony charges and potential felony convictions because of this law.

• Tougher penalties to permit more effective gang prosecutions, allowing a prosecutor to ask for 25 to life (previously was just 15 years) for an entire group when a gang is involved in murder.

This section is particularly troubling in light of the the mass arrest, prosecution and incarceration of our young men in the Capital District. Enhancing a penalty to 25 years to life does nothing but create mass incarceration and destruction of the black community. These brothers need reform, not life in jail.

• Using or carrying a firearm during drug trafficking or a violent felony will include a 5 year mandatory minimum sentence if the gun is loaded and a 3½ year mandatory minimum if unloaded. (The Court could impose a lower sentence in drug trafficking cases depending on mitigating factors).

Again, this section means that our brothers in the streets will be facing mandatory minimums of 3 1/2 years for crimes that they previously would face as little at 1 1/2 years.

• Sharing a gun with an individual who is not authorized to possess a gun and commits a crime will constitute criminal facilitation.

This is the so-called “community guns” problem. In the streets, our young brothers may share access to a handgun. If that handgun is used in a crime, ALL of the brothers who had access to that gun can be prosecuted for Criminal Facilitation.

Of course, the solution that the politicians have to our social problems is more jail time. But that approach has not worked in the past. What would make them think it will work now?

New Jobs Program from People Coming Home from Prison

Today, Governor Cuomo announced “Work for Success,” a new program designed for people coming home from prison to get jobs.

This may be an essential program because the biggest hurdle we face is getting people employed once they get out of prison.  We need programs like this to let people know that we are not turning our backs on them.

Once you do your time, come home and be productive!

The Works for Success program will:

  • Evaluate the employment programs that currently exist for the formerly incarcerated and carry out evidence-based, action-oriented research to identify which strategies work best,
  • Promote building relevant job readiness skills throughout correctional programming,
  • Align vocational skills programs with specific credentialing pathways and employment opportunities in the New York labor market
  • Help to effectively connect New Yorkers returning from prison with appropriate employment services, and
  • Build the capacity of local community organizations to address the unique needs of people with criminal convictions

Here is a link to the press release:




5 Things to Know About Criminal Court

1.  Make a good impression on the Judge and the Prosecutor –  Wear A Suit!  If you do not have a suit, wear pants and a button up shirt.

2.  Show up on time.

3.  Turn off your cellphone.  Nothing upsets a judge and court personnel more than a cell phone ringing during court.

4.  A typical court appearance takes only a minute or two in front of the judge.  Most of your time will be spent waiting for your case to get called.

5.   You will  probably have to go back and forth to court many times before your case is finished.